Short for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, BPPV is a condition that develops due to a disturbance in the ear, causing sudden spinning sensations. Almost everyone experiences vertigo on occasion, but BPPV intensifies the frequency and duration of these events, often resulting in nausea, vomiting, vision loss, hearing loss, and loss of balance.
The exact cause of Meniere’s disease is unknown, but it has been linked to head injuries and inner ear infections. Between 50,000 to 100,000 people are diagnosed with the disease every year, and symptoms can strike without warning—hearing loss, ear pressure, ringing in ears, and vertigo. Severe cases can cause nausea, vomiting, headaches, and intestinal discomfort.
Age related imbalance
Up to 40% of people over the age of 65 who live at home fall down, which causes hundreds of thousands of injuries every year. Since balance is a complex function, there is typically more than one cause of imbalance in the elderly, which can include loss of vision, vestibular system (the balance system in the ear), muscle strength, and joint mobility, as well as a side effect of medication. Increased vertigo and dizziness can also be caused by low blood sugar, cardiac problems, strokes, or anxiety.